Clatter -- loud noise made by knocking of hard objectsExamples: Clattering of Hoofs | Clattering of Knife13. Category words -- Sounds01. Category words -- Cooking13. Clap -- the sound of hitting something by hand | sudden loud noiseExamples: Clapping of Hands | Clapping of Thunder12. Chink -- light ringing soundExample: Chinking of Glass09.
Dictionary of Category Words: Vocabulary Building English Word Power Book 12 #ad - Category words -- Ways of Saying Something09. Knock -- the sound of somebody hitting a door, gate, window, etc. Examples: knocking of a Door | Knocking of a Window. Category words -- Ways of Changing06. Clank -- loud sound of metal objects hitting togetherExample: Clanking of Chains11. Ding -- sound made by a bellExample: Ding of a Bell17.
Category words -- Biomes28.
How to Start a Sentence: Words to Begin Sentences English Daily Use Book 1Manik Joshi #ad - Use these words in the beginning of a sentence onlywhen they really give strength to your language. Note: it is said that a sentence should not be begun with a conjunction of any kind, but, especially one of the FANBOYS for, nor, yet, and, or, so. So, you can use 'and' or 'But' to begin a sentence. Butthis is not hard and fast rule.
They mightbe words formed from verbs, -en, ending in -ing, -ed, etc. Particularly in spoken English, starting a sentence with 'And' or 'But' is common. How to start a sentence -- Using 'AS'As a matter of fact no notice was given to anyone. As a policeman myself, I am aware of all the laws. As against last time four days, the fair will last for five days this year.
How to Start a Sentence: Words to Begin Sentences English Daily Use Book 1 #ad - As always, he won the match. As an interim arrangement, we directed the authorities not to return the land. As fate would have it, he crossed the international border. As for david, he is doing fine. As he got busy, she picked up his son. As he grew older, he developed his communications skills. As if the bad power situation in the city wasn't enough, the hike in power tariff has come as the last straw for residents.
Dictionary of Root Words: Greek and Latin Roots English Word Power Book 17Manik Joshi #ad - By adding prefixes and suffixes, moved, playing, the following words could be made:plays, mover, playermoving, movable, movinglyIn this book, played, movement, I have given the most common Greek and Latin roots which are used in English language. Sample this:root words -- aab/absorigin: latin | meaning: away, abstractedly, abnormalityabroad -- out of the countryabscess -- swellingabscond -- to run away | related word: absconderabseil -- to go down a steep cliffabsence -- nonattendance | related words: absent, abstractlyabstruse -- difficult to understand; obscureabsurd -- ridiculous | related words: absurdist, from, absorbent, absorbency, absentlyabsolve -- to forgiveabsorb -- to soak up | related words: absorbable, absenteeism, absentee, absorbance, absurdly******AGGOrigin: Latin | Meaning: collectedExamples:agglomerate -- to collect things and form them into a mass or group | related word: agglomerationaggrandize -- to increase your importance or power | related word: aggrandizementaggregate -- to put together different items, absorbing, absurdity, abstraction, amounts, absorptionabstain -- to give up something for moral reason | related words: abstainer, absentia, absorbed, abstention, offExamples:abate -- to subsideabject -- hopelessabjure -- to renounceabnormal -- unusual | related words: abnormally, abstinenceabstemious -- criticalabstinent -- not having something for moral reasonabstract -- not real; theoretical | related words: abstracted, etc.
By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made:impure, purenessSimilarly, purity, play and move are root words. It is also called a base word. Into a single total | related words: aggregation, acidulousacm greek -- summit | acmeaco greek -- relief | aconiteacous greek -- hear | acoustic acoustical, acidify, abrasivenessabstemi latin -- controlled; moderate | abstemiousabund latin -- overflow | abundance abundant, aggregator******altr/alterorigin: latin | meaning: otherexamples:altruism -- caring about the needs of other people | related word: altruisticalterable -- that can be changed | related word: unalterablealtercation -- noisy argumentalternate -- to follow one after other | related words: alternately, alternation, alternative******Some More Root Words -- ARoot Word Origin -- Meaning | Examples Related Words in Bracketa Greek -- not | atheism, acidulate acidulation, acceleratoracet Latin -- vinegar | acetate, acidosis, acoustician, acousticsadama Greek -- invincible | adamant adamantlyade Greek -- enough | adequate adequacy, acceptance, abrasively, abundantlyac Latin -- to, acceptably, adequatelyadip Latin -- fat | adiposeadolesc Latin -- growing up | adolescent adolescence******Other Root Words -- ARoot Word Origin -- Meaningaapt Greek -- indomitable, acceptationacanth Greek -- thorn | acanthusacceler Latin -- hasten | accelerate acceleration, atypicalablat Latin -- remove | ablationablut Latin -- wash | ablutionsabort Latin -- born too soon | abortionabras Latin -- rub off | abrasion abrasive, apolitical, acetic, toward | accept acceptability, acetoneachr Greek -- colorless | achromicacid Latin -- sour | acidic, acoustically, acceptable, unfriendlyabact Latin -- driven awayabdit Latin -- secret/hiddenablep Greek -- loss of sightabr Greek -- delicateabscis Latin -- cutoffabsit Latin -- distantaca Greek -- a point; silenceacar Greek -- tiny .
Dictionary of Root Words: Greek and Latin Roots English Word Power Book 17 #ad - A root does not have a prefix a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word or a suffix a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word.
Dictionary of Prefixes and Suffixes: Useful English Affixes English Word Power Book 5Manik Joshi #ad - Affixes, prefixes and suffixesaffixa letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning. Examples -im- in impossible; inter- in international-able in agreeable; -er in learnerEnglish Affixes could be divided into two groups:Prefixes and SuffixesPREFIXA letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.
Examples -im- in impossible; inter- in international; un- in unaffectedSUFFIXA letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning. Examples --able in agreeable; -er in learner; -ness in quicknesssample this:english prefixes - aa-used to form: adjectives, withoutexamples:acellular / atypical******ad-used to form: nouns and verbsgeneral meaning: addition, intelligence, adverbs and nounsgeneral meaning: both of twoexamples:ambidexterity / respectable / stoppable / ambivalent******ante-used to form: adjectives, nouns and verbsgeneral meaning: prior to; in front ofexamples:antedate / anticlerical / declarable / variable / transportable / indubitable / conceivable / antitrust / ambidextrous / anti-drug / wearable / companionable / antiretroviral / punishable / anti-poaching / agreeable / comfortable / explicable / avertable / apolitical / ante-room******anti-Used to form: adjectives and nounsGeneral meaning: against; the opposite of; preventingExamples:anti-aircraft / antioxidant / antivirus******ENGLISH SUFFIXES - A-ableUsed to form: adjectives, tendencyExamples:adjoin / approachable / antifreeze / desirable / taxable / antibiotic / anterior / anti-globalization / reachable / portable / anti-theft / readable / anti-sabotage / imperturbable / graspable / antiparticle / washable / avoidable / anti-choice / anticlimax / manageable / antenatal / preventable / antitank / anti-terror / reputable / decipherable / serviceable / believable / anti-inflammatory / anti-terrorism / anti-hate / anti-graft / anti-hero / chargeable / admixture******ambi-Used to form: adjectives, should or must be done; having the characteristic ofExamples:adaptable / sociable / foreseeable / ratable / doable / anticyclone / anti-competitive / anti-personnel / antiviral / assessable / usable / adjudge / reliable / controllable / anti-malarial / honorable / antisocial / anti-copying / observable / exploitable / payable / questionable / antibody / anti-corruption / anti-liquor / anti-bacterial / reasonable / quantifiable / anticoagulant / enjoyable / explainable / anti-extremism / changeable / recognizable / anti-rowdy / ambivalence / traceable / anti-people / antipyretic / noticeable / detestable / atheist / amoral / imaginable / excitable / anticlockwise / transferable / pleasurable / antigravity / antidepressant / anti-encroachment / anti-national / antiseptic / breakable / appreciable / escapable / atheism / moveable / amenable / amicable / justifiable / understandable / calculable / antiperspirant / curable / translatable / computable / anti-stalking / inevitable / detectable / fashionable / anti-lock / reckonable / utilizable / workable******-abilityUsed to form: nounsGeneral meaning: a level of skill, adverbs and nounsGeneral meaning: that can, adverbs and nounsGeneral meaning: not, etc.
Dictionary of Prefixes and Suffixes: Useful English Affixes English Word Power Book 5 #ad - Examples:capability / notably / usability / unavoidability / charitably / inescapability / demonstrably / remarkably******-acyUsed to form: nounsGeneral meaning: the position, quality, state or status ofExamples:accuracy / playability / inevitably / reasonably / capably / noticeably / inevitability / serviceability / curability / preventability / probably / comfortably / workability******-ablyUsed to form: adverbsGeneral meaning: skillful and well; in a particular mannerExamples:affably / indisputably / excitability / irritably / presumably / adequacy.
Creating Long Sentences in English: Boost Your Communication Skills English Daily Use Book 8Manik Joshi #ad - This book covers the following topics:patterns for creating long sentences01 -- using '-ing form of verbs' i02 -- using '-ing form of verbs' ii03 -- using '-ing form of verbs' iii04 -- using 'with + -ing form of verbs'05 -- using 'series'06 -- Using 'From - To'07 -- Using 'Connecting Words or Phrases'08 -- Using 'Parenthesis'09 -- Miscellaneous PatternsSample This:01 -- Using '-ING Form of Verbs' IExample 01:The ongoing drought in the state is being described as the country's worst in many decades, causing agricultural distress and forcing villagers to move to urban areas looking for work.
Main verb - described-ing form of verbs - causing, forcingExplanation:The ongoing drought in the state is being described as the country's worst in many decades. Drought is causing agricultural distress. Drought is also forcing villagers to move to urban areas looking for work. Example 02:offering huge relief to ten thousand families belonging to the below poverty line category in the state, minister directed Power Corporation Limited to waive pending domestic power bills for last 10 months.
Creating Long Sentences in English: Boost Your Communication Skills English Daily Use Book 8 #ad - Main verb - directed-ing form of verbs - offering, belongingExplanation:Minister directed Power Corporation Limited to waive pending domestic power bills for last 10 months. Minister offered huge relief to ten thousand families. Families belonged to the below poverty line category in the state. Example 03:a deadly winter storm blanketed a huge swath of the US, grounding flights, turning highways into the ice rinks and knocking out power to tens of thousands preparing for the New Year holiday.
Main verb - blanketed-ing form of verbs - grounding, turning, knocking, preparingExplanation:A deadly winter storm blanketed a huge swath of the US.
Making Comparisons in English: Similarities, Dissimilarities, Degrees English Daily Use Book 10Manik Joshi #ad - Prefer/would prefer + to + ordinary Verb + Rather Than + Ordinary Verb, ORC. Regular and Irregular Forms of Adjectives10b. Interchange of Comparative and Superlative Degrees10e. Interchange of positive, comparative and superlative degreesexercise - 1exercise - 2sample this:structure 1a -- comparison of actions - ipattern 1:affirmative sentence-ING form of Verb + Verb 'Be' + As + Adjective + As + -ING form of VerbOrIt + Verb 'Be' + As + Adjective + To + Ordinary Verb + As + Ordinary VerbWriting is as easy as thinking.
Jogging is as easy as exercising. Closing is as easy as opening. Designing is as easy as publishing. It is as easy to write as think. It is as easy to jog as exercise. It is as easy to close as open. It is as easy to design as publish. Pattern 2:negative sentence-ing form of verb + verb 'to be' + not + as + adjective + as + -ing form of verborit + verb 'To Be' + Not + As + Adjective + To + Ordinary Verb + As + Ordinary VerbStudying is not as easy as playing.
Making Comparisons in English: Similarities, Dissimilarities, Degrees English Daily Use Book 10 #ad - Swimming is not as easy as running. Singing is not as easy as talking. Reading is not as easy as listening. It is not as easy to study as play.
Ending Sentences with Prepositions: Useful Tips English Daily Use Book 23Manik Joshi #ad - As most of the people are averse to the idea of using prepositions at the end of sentences, they even don't use these words as adverbs at the end of sentences. Actually, it is a myth that you shouldn't use preposition at the end of a sentence. However, everyone can't easily differentiate between preposition and adverb.
The word preposition expresses "position before" so it is improper to place a preposition at the end! This is, however, not a rule. You can use a preposition to end a sentence with. Here, you will learn when you can use a preposition at the end of a sentence and how you can avoid using a preposition at the end of a sentence.
As there is no hard and fast rule regarding use of a preposition at the end of a sentence, so whether you use it or not at the end of a sentence, it is your choice. But as most people avoid 'excessive' use of prepositions at the end of sentences, you can follow suit, and may use them only when they give strength to your language.
Ending Sentences with Prepositions: Useful Tips English Daily Use Book 23 #ad - Some words on, off, over, etc. May be used as both prepositions and adverbs. You can end your sentences with prepositions. Sometimes, using preposition at the end of a sentence seems better than using it in the middle or beginning of a sentence. Ending a sentence with a preposition - aboutan ad agency's job is to take a brand to consumers and communicate the proposition well to them, so that they understand what the brand is all about.
Transitional Words and Phrases: Using Transitional Expressions#ad - Transitional Expressions -- Exception11. Use of transitional word 'furthermore' at the beginning of a sentenceTheir products come with an insurance pack that covers accidental damage, theft, and breakage for a year. Transitional Expressions -- Reference17. Transitional expressions -- timeexercise: 1a and 1bexercise: 2a to 2csample this:transitional expressions -- definitionmeaning of 'transition' -- to go from one point to another"Transitional Expressions" = "Transitional Words" + "Transitional Phrases""Transitional or Transition Words" are also known as "connecting words", "linking words" or "signal words""Transitional or Transition Phrases" are also known as "connecting phrases", parts of sentences, "linking phrases" or "signal phrases""Transitional Expressions" also "Transitions" could be defined as follows:*'Transitional expressions' are words or phrases that provide bridges between sentences, paragraphs and sections.
Transitional expressions' connect and relate sentences and paragraphs. Transitions expressions' signal the relationship between sentences and paragraphs. Transitions expressions' state the connections between ideas. Transitions expressions' help carry over a thought from one part of a sentence to another, from one paragraph to another, from one sentence to another, from one section to another, or from one idea to another.
Transitional Words and Phrases: Using Transitional Expressions #ad - Transitional expressions' connect ideas from sentence to sentence and paragraph to paragraph. Transitional expressions' are placed in the beginning, middle, or end of the sentences/paragraphs to explain connections between two or more ideas. Transitional expressions' produce clearer expression, 'for' 'nor', 'or' 'so' 'yet', by eliminating the excessive use of such words as 'and', 'but', etc.
Interchange of Active and Passive Voice: Patterns and Examples English Daily Use Book 12Manik Joshi #ad - When active subject is obvious. 4. Passive voice is frequently used to describe scientific or mechanical processes6. Auxiliary verb 'be' + -ING Form of Verb3. Main verb + Object + Complement8. The main verb of the active voice is always changed into past participle third form of verb in different ways. Rule 3:place the active sentence's subject into a phrase beginning with the preposition 'by'.
Rule 4:if the object in an active voice sentence is a pronoun me, it, her, us, they, him, you, it changes in passive voice sentence as follows:me -- I; us -- we; you -- you; him -- he; her -- she; them -- they; it - itRule 5:Subject- Verb AgreementMake the first verb agree with the new subject in passive voice.
Interchange of Active and Passive Voice: Patterns and Examples English Daily Use Book 12 #ad - Rule 6:when there are two objects direct object and indirect object, only one object is interchanged. Principal clause + That + Noun Clause Object16. Use of Prepositions18. When you want to make more polite or formal statements. 9. Past perfect Continuous Tense3. Future Continuous Tense4. Auxiliary verb 'be' + Infinitive To + Verb11.
Put the helping verb in the same tense as the original active sentence.
Using Tenses in English: Past, Present, Future English Daily Use Book 15Manik Joshi #ad - I/we/you/They talk. We seek opportunity to chart out our own course. Lean margin of victory or defeat gives an impression of a tough contest. Nowadays, voters value development over other issues. They want civic amenities and employment opportunities. B. Negative pattern -subject + auxiliary verb 'do/does' + not + first form of main verb + other wordsAuxiliary Verb 'Does' is used with subject 'He and She' + All Singular Subjects.
Auxiliary verb 'do' is used with subject 'I, We, You and They' + All Plural Subjects. Examples:He/She does not talk. Affirmative pattern -subject + first form of main verb + other wordsSingular Verb is used with subject 'He and She' + All Singular Subjects. Plural verb is used with subject 'I, We, You and They' + All Plural Subjects.
Using Tenses in English: Past, Present, Future English Daily Use Book 15 #ad - Examples:He/She talks. This book covers the following topics: what are "tenses"?agreement between subject and verbtwenty-four auxiliary verbsregular and irregular verbspresent tensepresent indefinite tensepresent continuous/progressive tensepresent perfect tensepresent Perfect Continuous/Progressive TensePAST TENSEPast Indefinite TensePast Continuous/Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Continuous/Progressive TenseFUTURE TENSEFuture Indefinite TenseFuture Continuous/Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Continuous/Progressive TenseUseful NotesExercisesSample This:Tenses could be defined as "any of the form of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or an event or state expressed by the verb".
There are three kinds of tenses:the past tense - the form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happened in the pastaction happened before presentthe present tense - the form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happens at this timeaction happens in presentthe future tense - the form of a verb that usually expresses an action that will happen in futureAction will happen after presentEACH OF THESE THREE KINDS OF SENTENCES HAS FOUR TYPES OF FORMS:Indefinite or Simple FormContinuous or Progressive FormPerfect FormPerfect Continuous or Perfect Progressive FormEACH OF THESE FOUR TYPES OF FORMS HAS FOUR KINDS OF STATEMENTS:Affirmative Statement --Used to Show 'Agreement'Negative Statement --Used to Show 'Disagreement'Interrogative Statement --Used to Ask 'Question'Interrogative-Negative Statement --Used to Ask 'Question' and Show 'Disagreement'Present Indefinite TenseExpresses -Permanent situation in the past, present and futureExample: Our family lives in Seattle.
General truth fact or statementExample: Clean water is fundamental to public health.
English Modal Auxiliary Verbs: May, Might, Can, Could, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Must, Need English Daily Use Book 20Manik Joshi #ad - Maybe' means 'perhaps'Maybe he came to know something secret and was removed from the post. Also note:difference between 'may' and 'Can''May' is more formal than 'Can''May' is mostly used in 'formal' English. Can' is mostly used in 'informal' or spoken English. Perhaps you would attract. He might have to go Perhaps he had to go.
Might' is frequently used In conditional sentencesIf I pursued studies further, I might learn more. If i had pursued studies further, I might have learned more. Might' has limitations while 'asking permission''Might' is very polite and formal. Always use 'may'Never use 'might not' to refuse permission. It is not common.
English Modal Auxiliary Verbs: May, Might, Can, Could, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Must, Need English Daily Use Book 20 #ad - Always use 'may not'difference between 'May' and 'Might'Note: 'Might' is the past equivalent of 'may' in indirect speech. But it is used in the same way as 'may' to talk about the present or future. May' denotes more possibility/probability'might' denotes less possibility/probabilityIt may rain tomorrow Perhaps a 75% chance - More possibleIt might rain tomorrow Perhaps a 50% chance - Less possible'Might' also denotes 'would perhaps'You might attract President's attention later.
It is mostly used in indirect questions. I wonder if I might work on your computer. Note: 'maybe' is an adverb.